This award is given to those that have “carried out and published an original scientific research on the prize’s topic, with major benefits to humanity.” Since 1983, the King Faisal prize has been awarded to a series of renowned scientists, including those who would later win the Nobel Prize.
Vamsi Mootha is Professor of systems of biology and medicine, at the MGH Department of Molecular Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, and an investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.
Official announcement: http://kfip.org/professor-vamsi-krishna-mootha/
More on the King Faisal prize: http://kfip.org/about-kfip/
A list of previous winners: http://kfip.org/science/